La surface de la Lune. © Aleksandr, Adobe Stock

International Moon Day, introduced in 2021, now occurs every July 20th. The aim is to raise awareness for the exploration and sustainable use of our unique natural satellite. But by the way, why did you choose this date?

It has fascinated for thousands of years, but has only just been explored on a human scale: the moon has had its own world day since 2021! A decision ofUnited Nations General Assemblyof course with a date in homage to the first moon landing in human history, which took place on July 20, 1969 as part of the Apollo 11 mission, but also to the first steps man ever took on the lunar soil, shortly after the moon landing in the Night of July 20th to 21st (French time) over Neil Armstrong !

Since then, many missions have followed, including manned Apollo missions, but also explorations by space probes. Thanks to overpasses of our natural satellite, hydrogen is detected at the bottom of some of its polar craters, which is permanently isolated from the sun. This discovery then indicates the presence of ice: this Eventually, the presence of water was confirmed 2009 by NASA, then many studies follow to explain its origin.

Soon a moon base with the Artemis program

Today, exploration of the moon is accessible to many other world powers: Japan, China, India, but also Europe. The future program includes new manned space missions, this time to install a lunar base. This is specifically the purpose of Artemis program NASA planning to bring humans back to the moon by 2025 to set up a lunar base there. New information will be announced on this topic throughout the day.

But also from China and Russia, who have joined forces to build a joint manned research station on the moon! World Moon Day then serves as a reminder of the importance of peaceful exploration of our satellite established by the Artemis Accords. Although these were not signed by all nations, they still provide a framework for the exploitation of space.

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